*Blaise Pascal* (1623–1662) showed an early interest in mathematics. At the age of 16, he discovered his *hexagon theorem* about six points on a conic joined in a particular way. He wrote a treatise on binomial coefficients and the triangular pattern of these numbers is now known as *Pascal’s triangle*.

Pascal also investigated the theory of probability, studied atmospheric pressure (*Pascal’s* *principle* in hydrodynamics), and investigated the properties of such curves as the cycloid.

*[France 1944, 1962; Korea 2014; Monaco 1973]*